Debate: Should The Bush Tax Cuts Be Extended?

One of the most heavily debated topics in Congress right now is whether or not to extend the Bush tax cuts. The Bush tax cuts were a lowering of income and capital gains taxes for all Americans. These tax cuts contained a sunset provision which would allow them to expire at the end of this year. Both parties agree that 98% of Americans should continue receiving tax cuts. Tax cuts will be renewed for individuals making under $200,000 a year and couples making under $250,000. The debate is over extending tax cuts for the wealthiest 2% of Americans and large corporations. When you read the headlines, it makes sense to oppose tax cuts for the people who can afford taxes and will never notice it, but it’s a little more complicated than what the headlines depict. Let’s take a look at both sides of the argument for and against tax cuts and then feel free to chime in with your thoughts at the end:

The Pros of Tax Cuts

The argument for tax cuts is that they place more money in the pockets of consumers and companies. Individuals will then turn around and spend this money. The additional tax savings would be used to purchase American goods and services, thus spurring economic growth. Corporations and businesses would then have more money to invest which would lead to greater employment and investments. The underlying belief is that every dollar saved via tax cuts results in one dollar (or more) of economic activity.

One argument is that the government would actually take in more money from tax cuts to the “rich.” Higher income earners save and invest more money than any other income class. One study shows that individuals that earn over $200,000 per year account for nearly 80% of all capital gains, meaning they are investing in the economy (and not just stashing away their money).

The government would also increase their tax revenue since tax cuts incentivize business owners to reinvest in their businesses either through capital expenditures or adding new employees. Thus, the government will gain tax revenue due to new employee hirings (more people to pay income tax) and increased net income (for businesses). The belief is that an increase in long term-tax revenues will pay for the tax cuts.

The Cons of Tax Cuts

The case against tax cuts is that they are not stimulative to economic growth at all. Some people believe that high income earners will just save the money from the tax cuts and not invest it in our economy. The argument goes on to state that companies have figured out how to maximize production from their current workforce so there is no incentive to hire any additional employees even with additional money from tax cuts. To push even more for the removal of tax cuts, people argue that high income earners are less affected by marginal tax changes since they spend less of their income (so therefore they can “deal” with higher taxes).

Tax cuts would cause the government’s tax receipts to decline and the federal deficit to balloon even larger. The government does not take in enough money now to fund its current level of spending. Entitlement spending on Social Security, Medicare, and Defense is projected to increase dramatically over the next decade. So, reducing the government’s tax revenue at the current time will only increase the national debt long term. The belief is that tax cuts will take money from the federal government and further enrich wealthy Americans. The key underlying argument for the “Cons” is that tax cuts DO NOT stimulate the economy.

What is your opinion on tax cuts? Should the tax cuts be extended for the wealthiest Americans or allowed to lapse?

(Photo credit: TenSafeFrogs)

  • Stephan

    while in general i agree that less taxes encourage economic growth, the current realities of the US debt situation mean we really cant afford to continue these cuts for anyone. Politically, this cant happen which is why i think the non-rich will get a 2 year extension of the cuts while the rest will return to pre 2001 levels.

    • Mark Riddix

      Very true Stephan.

      • College Student

        whats the date for this

  • Andy

    Looks like the tax cuts will be extended, due to intense political pressure. The debt takes a back seat and as usual the well off benefit more from tax cuts than the ppor

  • Pcp3293

    The tax cuts should be extended along with significant reduction and cuts to non-essential spending. However, the vigorous spending appetite of the current Administration will never allow the necessary spending cuts to slow the “bleeding” of our economy and the extension of the tax cuts alone, I doubt, will save us.

  • Jimmie L. Sherman

    Will someone please tell President Obama that more tax cuts will hurt Social Programs again and cause further lay-offs and greater poverty; for, I don’t believe that he will let the Tax Cuts for The Rich expire at the end of the year — as he recently promised. He has broken promises before — remember??? And remember who his backers are. Also, please tell the greedy people to not be conned by his so-called “concern for the MIDDLE CLASS”. For we the 99% believe in EQUALITY for ALL !!! Thank you in advance, and God Bless You.

  • Hastowe02

    The best part of this argument is that it conveniently leaves out the amount of money rescinding the Bush tax cuts will bring in to the Feds coffers: only 8-1/2 days worth of federal spending! So rescinding these cuts really makes little sense. In fact taking ALL of the money from the top 2% earnes won’t but make a tiny dent in our budget deficit, let alone pay for the healthcare legislation, any jobs bill, or the national debt. It is pie-in-the-sky dreams of democrats whose real intent here is to score political,points in their class warfare than anything else. We live in a country where half of Americans pay ZERO in federal income taxes. That means they are NOT paying any share, let alone a “fair-share”. And the 10% top earners of the population are paying MORE than 70% of all federal income taxes collected. Those are IRS statistics by the way, not from any political party or think tank. Also, since consumerism runs our economy, taking money out of the marketplace HURTS the economy. Giving more to a government

    • Mary Johnson88

      All the debt adds up. Any small amount of reduction helps. I you found a program that you did not like that spent that much money I don’t think you would have any thought about cutting it because it was only 8.5 days of federal spending. Your arguments on lower class paying fair share is really the same class warfare you state the democrats are waging. Your just fighting for the side of the upper class. This war has been going on since Bush took over and the war has been going in the favor of the upper class for quite some time. 90% of the tax cut money from the Bush tax cuts went to the top 1%.

      Your comment on taking money out of marketplace should be weighed against the Romney statement “does the lack of taxes or spending warrant borrowing from China”. Answer … no. Put the dividend, capital gains, and $250k+ tax brackets back to where they were during Clinton.

  • College Student

    whats the date on this???