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6-Step Guide to Renting Out a Room in Your House – Should You Do It?

By Heather Levin

extra roomAnother month has come and gone and you’ve just barely been able to squeak on your mortgage payment. You breathe a sigh of relief, but already you’re dreading next month, when the financial anxiety hits again.

If this sounds like your life, you’re not alone. Thanks to the recession, many people are just barely getting by right now. Month after month they frantically find ways to pay their mortgage and put food on the table. It’s a stressful and dispiriting situation to be in.

But there is something you can do. Rather than risk losing their homes to foreclosure, a rising number of struggling homeowners are choosing instead to rent out a room to help make ends meet. And while this may seem like a drastic measure today, opening a home to boarders was common practice just a century ago. Taking in boarders is an easy way to help pay bills and ensure a family’s survival.

So, how can you rent out a room, while still making sure your silverware and family’s safety stays intact? Here are six steps to ensure a comfortable boarder situation where everybody wins.

1. Look at Your Space
Before you do anything, identify the room, or rooms, you have available to rent out. Rooms with access to a private bathroom, or “basement apartments,” will get you more in rent than smaller bedrooms. If you really need the cash, you might want to consider moving out of your master suite (if it has a private bathroom) and into a smaller room.

2. Check Local Rents
Do you know how much other rooms and apartments are going for in your area? Use a site like Rentometer.com to see how much you can reasonably charge for rent based on your zip code, and local rates.

3. Place Your Ad
You can place an ad for your rental in your local newspaper, but you’ll probably have more success using a site like Craigslist. When creating your ad, be specific about the room; pictures will get you more response than a text only ad. Also, make sure you’re clear on what kind of access the tenant will have to the kitchen, bathroom, and backyard. If your home has perks such as a pool or hot tub, make sure you include them in your ad if tenants will have access.

Last but not least, be specific about who you’re looking for and what rules, if any, your tenant will have to live by. For instance, you might want to open your home up to a college student. You might request that they keep the noise down past 10 p.m., or that they be a non-smoker. Some homeowners with children commonly look for female renters only, and require they have no overnight male guests.

4. Personally Interview Applicants
Once you start getting calls about your ad, it’s up to you to personally interview each applicant. During the interview, request to see proof of employment or student status, and ask them about their living habits. Trust your instincts here. Go with someone you feel comfortable with, and whose habits closely mirror those of you and your family. It’s also important to call the references they give you. Check with their past landlords to see if they paid rent on time, and if they left their apartment in good condition.

5. Do a Credit and Background Check
Once you’ve found a tenant you think might be a good fit, do a credit and criminal background check on them. There are many sites that offer this service including Equifax Identity Report, which costs around $10. Although it may seem like an extraneous step, doing a credit and background check is money well spent, especially if you find out your potential housemate has a rap sheet.

6. Set Boundaries Up Front
Once you find a boarder you like and trust, it’s important to set up boundaries from day one. Create a rental agreement, which both of you sign, that details the particular details of your living arrangement.

For instance, will your boarder pay a flat rent fee monthly, or will they be responsible for a portion of the utilities? How, and where, will food be stored? What about access to other common living areas? All these details need to be worked out, and discussed, before your tenant moves in. Also take a look at the Landlord and Tenant Act for your particular state to see what rights you and your tenant have in the arrangement.

Final Word

Although renting out a room in your home may seem like a drastic measure, it’s actually becoming more commonplace as homeowners look for creative ways to help make ends meet. And who knows? You might even find that you like having a boarder in your home, especially if you’re single or an empty nester.

Have you ever rented out a room in your home? What was the experience like? If not, would you ever consider doing so?

(photo credit: Shutterstock)

Heather Levin
Heather Levin is a freelance writer based in Detroit, MI. She's passionately committed to living green, saving money, and helping others do the same in their life.

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  • http://sustainablepersonalfinance.com/ Sustainable PF

    We rented a room for a few years when I first bought my last house. It didn’t work out so well.
    The first boarder was a slob in the kitchen, had no idea (nor did she clue in) that the dishwasher stacking can be optimized and she left laundry in the machine + dryer. I do not think it proper for a male landlord to be rifling through a female boarder’s undergarments in order to get my laundry done.
    The 2nd boarder never used the kitchen (yay!) and was great about laundry. Thing is, she got take out a lot and little did I know she was accumulating bags of garbage and hiding the smell with glade plugins. Ew.
    So be careful – you are agreeing to share your space. The money is nice but may not be worth the headache(s).

  • http://www.moneyistheroot.com Justin @ MoneyIsTheRoot

    Obviously if you cant, or barely can, make the mortgage payment then you need to figure out a solution quickly. I currently rent a room of my home to a friend, though honestly he has free reign over the home as much as I do. Sometimes even living with a friend can be difficult, I cant imagine how living with a total stranger would be. In the end do what you must, but think twice before you pull the trigger on this option.

    • http://twitter.com/Will_Helps Will Helps!

      Justin your definitely right…But you could always sell your house as is.

  • http://www.chronoscoffee.com B

    Craigslist says you can’t discriminate when posting. I’m curious then how to go about being selective, in reference to you statement that “…homeowners with children commonly look for female renters only,” which is important for some people. TIA.

    • dawm

      I wanted a female so i stated that it was a safe place to hang your purse

  • Michelle

    I went back to school last year, and we rented out 2 bedrooms in our home. It was the WORST experience ever. We made very clear boundaries that the one girl living with us just could not seem to abide by (for example: the basement was off limits so that we could have one totally private area – and she was constantly coming down uninvited). The other girl, it turned out had never lived outside her parents’ home and decided to REBEL. She disappeared for a week and we got the phone calls from her WHOLE family that whole time and when she did return she would have a different guy picking her up every night (we told her NO overnight guests after one creepy drugged up guy slept over one night). The “no boundaries” girl was also extremely loud and didn’t seem to understand that… eventually she got pissed off, went crazy and left one day (best.day.of.my.life). The other girl’s parents picked up her stuff about a week after we wanted her out… HORRIBLE 8 months. NEVER AGAIN. Definitely not worth the money every month!

    • Good Tenant

      I’ve always wondered what these crazy people who write ads stipulation “no overnight guests” look like in person. I can’t imagine paying rent at a place where I was controlled by ridiculous rules like this that step over the limit. Obviously you shouldn’t have been renting out your rooms, but got greedy and decided to make some cash anyway, while creating strict and oppressive rules that you would not abide by yourself in a comfortable home environment.

      • andrea

        First of all I have rented out my home several time, and as a home owner it is your right to make stipulations. This is your house, you can make whatever rules you want, it the tenant dosent abide then they leave. I too put no over night guest.

      • crazy people

        our neighbor didnt stipulatethis, the girl ended up turning tricks…if they had that stipulation, there wouldve been no prostitution ring!

  • Heather Levin

    @B- I’m not sure. It seems like you’d be able to state a preference for something as personal as finding a roommate. After all, job posting and personal ads state a preference for candidates, so it seems like it’d be ok for roommates as well.

    @Michelle, I’m so sorry you had such a bad experience! It definitely sounds like it was NOT worth the money for you and your family. :(

  • J G

    I’m curious as to the general state of laws for evicting a boarder or roommate. Do the courts generally treat it like any eviction or is there something different about the more intimate relationship of sharing living space?

  • http://[email protected] AW

    I had a great experience renting a room about 3years ago. I’m an female engineer and was temporarily relocated to Alabama for a project. I got sick and tired living in hotel rooms so I posted on Craigslist. A female about my age responded to my post. We used a standard lease agreement that detailed what I had access to (pretty much everything but her master bedroom suite) and how I would pay (paypal so I could put it on my expense report). I got to stay in a very nice house for less than my hotel. Also, she showed me around my new temporary town. The deal worked out very well and we’re still friends.

  • ATP

    I believe you can discriminate if it is a roommate type of situation- where you will be in a same unit and sharing common areas. If you are renting out an entire individual unit like a whole 1 bdrm apt, you cant discriminate. Like female requesting to live with other females is totally normal.

    I say if you are renting out a room and you are past certain life stages, try to rent to someone past those stages as well. I am past the cheap cluttered college stage and was stupid enough to room with college students once upon a time and that was horrible. If you are a working professional, try rooming with another working professional or maybe a grad student. I’ve had horrible and awesome roommates, the bad ones are enough to scare me to living solo for awhile. Trust your gut and get someone who is actually mature if you want to keep your sanity.

  • TomJax

    What about taxes? I rent a room to someone month to month. Between 4-5K a year.
    Do I have to pay taxes quarterly? Or just wait until when I file my taxes.

    • holly

      I wouldn’t claim it, honestly.

  • Jack

    Heather;
    A question for you! An elderly couple (75 & 69)and a dog with a 5-6 bedroom house. 2 sm.bedrooms up with 1/2 bath, bed-dresser- cable heat included. 1 on first floor (same but full bath)
    We would like to suppliment our income but have no clue as to how to do so safely, hench this writing and possible suggestions.
    Thanks jack

  • http://www.rentingoutrooms.com/ Mike Choi

    Renting out a room is a great way to make some extra cash. I’ve been renting out both of my spare rooms in my townhouse for the past for several years. With the rental income, I’ve been able to pay for graduate school and pay down a good part of my mortgage debt. I encourage everyone to try it out

  • Kayceemarconnet

    Me and my husben are buying our first house and we are have 2 of our friends move in for a little while we are getting together a rental agreement and stuff do you think this is a good idea.

    • http://twitter.com/Will_Helps Will Helps!

      It can be a great idea but…there are major headaches in renting out rooms.

  • http://www.rentingoutrooms.com/ Mike

    I’ve been renting out my rooms for the past several years. I started out with just one roommates after things were working so well I rented out my second bedroom. With the rental income I’ve been able to pay for graduate school. Since graduating, I paid off my second mortgage with the rental income. With my experience in renting out rooms, I started blogging about it.

  • Mj

    Are there applications on line that can be used for renting rooms out in one’s house?

  • Jacygem

    My husband and I decided to rent out a room to college students this past August. Long story short, great honeymoon period for a month and then the fun started. I never had such problems with my own sons and finally gave this kid notice this past week, day after he almost set our house on fire! Worst experience and not worth the extra money, besides it cost more in the long run with the 30 minute showers, leaving lights on, not locking our front door, leaving water running in the bathroom, not cleaning up his dishes in the kitchen – had ants 2 times to content with in my kitchen…. need I go on? A total nightmare and cannot wait for him to leave after the 30 days notice. These young kids today have such attitudes that they are entitled even though it is not their home!! Be careful and really think long and hard about the headaches. I will NEVER do it again!

    • Kris

      You sound like an insane person. Of course he is entitled to take showers and use electricity, he’s paying you rent. Why would a selfish person like yourself ever open your home to another individual? Oh right. Money. Why don’t you do the whole foster kid thing? I hear it’s a good mine. You’ll fit right in.

  • Jay100

    Heather’s right interview, background an trust your instincts an always set the rules upfront. But you still will have issues with your tenants, confront the issue an go from there. I’ve been renting out room for 6 months now an believe me it’s alot easier then worrying about how you’re going to pay your bills.

  • rentbin

    ab

  • Ryan

    I rent out both rooms to the same person. Give them the hall bathroom and hall closet and attic storage space and shed access. We share the kitchen, dining, living room, and office. I find it is appealing to some people to give them more space for a little more money so I make 700 a month from the same person on a $1120 mortgage and I pay all the utilities, which is about 300$ a month. That has me paying out about 720 a month instead of ,1706 (car payment included), which freed up money for new carpet, a fence, shed, refinished the deck, pest control, trash pickup, etc etc.

    You just have to be really picking about your tenants. Look for single people with no pets, or easy to care for pets who look responsible. They should also have jobs, not be living on parent funds or pell grants. You don’t want someone in your house 24/7, them having a job is great because they will be gone 8 hours at least 5 days a week. Gives you some needed alone time. And try to be picky about what they do for a living. E.g. living with a nurse is hard if your a 9-5er, they rotate, up at the crack of dawn one day, sleeping at noon the next.

    It works out really well if you work 9 to 5 and you find a roomate that works graveyard, say 2 am to 8 am. Their at work while you sleep, and your at work while they sleep.

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